Engineering Career Resources

Nanoengineer Job Description

Nanoengineer Job Description

Nanoengineers' jobs involve engineering on the nanoscale. They are experts in nanotechnology, but their work does not include only the science aspects of the discipline, but also integrates the knowledge and practices of engineering. Nanoengineering is an expanding branch, one that will become more important as the application of nanodevices and nano-bioengineering grows across a variety of industries, from electronics, industrial mechanics, and aeronautical industries to energy, environmental, health, medical and cosmetic industries.

Nanoengineers' work can involve applying nanotechnology to reduce the negative impact of energy products on the environment. It can be related to solar cells and fuel cells, hybrid systems, heat transfer, nanoparticle dispersion, and optoelectronics. Nanoengineers can create nanosystems that act as catalysts to remove pollutants from water, air or soil, and they can design nanodevices that filter very specific pollutants from waste sites. They can be responsible for finding ways to minimize waste production and use of energy and chemicals, or for applying nanotechnology to design manufacturing processes and products that are more durable and energy-efficient. They can also develop means to convert solar energy in highly efficient ways.

If they opt for a career in a field related to medicine, nanoengineers can work on the development of solutions for early disease detection and treatment. They can design nanostructures and artificial nanomaterials that mimic the function of cells, which makes nanomedicine an exceptionally promising field, one which could soon revolutionize medicine.

Nanoengineers who work in electronics can use nanotechnology to increase the capabilities of electronic devices we use, or they can perform research related to the miniaturization of components of electronic systems.

Skills and qualifications

Nanoengineering is a multi-diciplinary field and those who specialize in it must have an excellent knowledge of not only engineering of nanostructures and nanosystems, but also of chemistry, materials science,metallurgy, medicine, physics, and biology. People can enter the field with degrees in chemistry engineering and materials engineering.

Excellent analytical and problem solving skills are crucial in this field. A nanoengineer often writes proposals to get funding for further research, so good written and communication skills are a definite advantage. These are also useful in preparing presentations and reports. As nanoengineers' work usually involves research, they often attend conferences and seminars to exchange information with experts from related fields.


A nanoengineer, or nanosystems engineer, typically either performs research or supervises technicians who do, and pinpoints new applications for existing nanodevices and nanotechnologies.

A nanoengineer's job typically involves the implementation of production processes for nanoscale designs, which have an application in the production of materials, devices and systems that have a unique composition on the molecular scale. Nanoengineers can also be involved in the modification of such designs. They spend most of the time operating advanced tools and equipment to research and manipulate nanoscale objects, and to synthesize and process nanomaterials.

Nanoengineers can develop prototypes, patent applications and processes necessary for nanoscale production on a greater scale. They are usually also involved in the design and testing of new nanotechnology products, nanodevices, nanomaterials, and processes.